New Maryland, York County, New Brunswick: Census of 1881

Edited and transcribed by Robert C. Fisher

First Edition: January 1998, Published by AN Design Studio, Box 221, Truro, Nova Scotia, B2N 5C1[andesign@ns.sympatico.ca]

Second Edition: April 2002, Published online by Rob Fisher.


Table of Contents

  1. Introduction to the New Maryland Census of 1881
  2. Nominal Return of the Living
  3. Notes
  4. Map of the Parish of New Maryland in 1878


Introduction to the 1881 Census

New Maryland is situated south of Fredericton, the capital of the province of New Brunswick, Canada. The parish, the equivalent of a township in other Canadian provinces, was set off from neighbouring Kingsclear in 1850. It comprised the villages of New Maryland, Nasonworth, Charters Settlement, Beaver Dam, and Green Point Settlement during the early 1880s. It is bisected from east to west by the south and north branches of Rusagonis Stream. New Maryland was first settled about 1800 and was primarily an agricultural settlement. However, the farmers often supplemented their income by working in the lumber camps during the winter.

The population of the parish was 448 in 1881, a decline of forty persons since 1871. There were 82 families living in 80 houses. The enumerator of the 1881 census was Lewis Fisher, an inhabitant of the parish who was a farmer and the postmaster for New Maryland. He took the census between 4-26 April 1881. There was a gap from 9-18 April when "The enumerator was laid up with heavy cold for several days and then had to wait a time on account of impassable roads". The entries are generally clearly written but the microfilm is not always clear and there were some problems in determining middle initials (the enumerator did not provide middle names, only initials). Towards the end the entries are not always clear and the entries for ethnic origin show some inconsistencies; the problems perhaps a result of the illness of the enumerator.

The spelling of surnames and given names have not been altered to impose consistency. All possible variant spellings should be checked. Every effort, of course, has been made to transcribe the names accurately but undoubtedly some errors have crept in due to the difficulties in deciphering handwriting from the microfilm of the census. Researchers should check the microfilm for themselves if they have any doubts. The reels are available at Library and Archives Canada or may be ordered on Inter-Library Loan. The 1881 census is on reel C-13181.

The enumerator's remarks and other information has been placed in end notes. The editor's notes are shown by square brackets.

The abbreviations used below are:

MaleM
FemaleF
Church of EnglandCh Engl
Roman CatholicRC
MethodistMeth
Free Christian BaptistFC Bapt
Free Will BaptistFW Bapt
MarriedMar
Widow or WidowerWid



Nominal Return of the Living

PageLineSurnameGiven NamesSexAgePlace of BirthReligionEthnicityOccupationMarital Status
0101McKnightJamesM36NBCh EnglIrishFarmerMar
0102McKnightFrances E.F29""EnglishMar
0103McKnightJessie M.F05""Irish
0104McKnightJames D.M03"""
0105McKnightBertha K.F01"""
0106McKnightRachelF61Ireland""Wid
0107McKnightWilliamM38NB""FarmerMar
0108DunbarJohnM12"""
0109DunbarLilyF13"""
0110McKnightRebecca A.F52""GermanWid
0111FisherWilliam P.M42"""Lumberer
0112ShawWilliamM65ScotlandPresbScottishFarmerMar
0113ShawJaneF57NB""Mar
0114ShawIda J.F21"""
0115ShawWilliamM18"""
0116ShawRobertM18"""
0117ShawElla M.F15"""
0118HainingJames Jr.M52"""FarmerMar
0119HainingJaneF31""IrishMar
0120HainingRebecca E.F04""Scottish
0121HainingJames W.M02"""
0122McElvaneyRebeccaF69Ireland"IrishWid
0123GuthrieWilliamM45"""Farm Labourer
0124BanksCharlesM55NBBaptistEnglishFarmerMar
0125BanksPhebe E.F50"""
0201BanksNettieF14"""
0202LipsettDavidM43"MethIrishFarmer
0203LipsettMargaretF60Ireland""
0204TurnerThomasM52NB"EnglishFarm Labourer
0205SegeeAbramM52"Ch EnglFrenchFarmerMar
0206SegeeHannahF42Ireland"IrishMar
0207SegeeHarry D.M12NB"French
0208SegeeMartha J.F10"""
0209SegeeMaggie W.F08"""
0210SegeeGeorge F.M04"""
0211CarrWilliamM16""IrishFarm Labourer
0212FisherWilliamM33NBCh EnglGermanFarmerMar
0213FisherIsabel A.F25"PresbScottishMar
0214FisherIsabelF58IrelandCh EnglIrishWid
0215FisherDavid L.M19NB"GermanFarm Labourer
0216HorncastleJamesM32""EnglishFarmerMar
0217HorncastleMaryF27""ScottishMar
0218HorncastleFrancesF60England"EnglishWid
0219HorncastleJohnM22NB""Farm Labourer
0220HorncastleAnnieF24"""
0221HorncastleHenryM20"""
0222HorncastleJosephM08"""
0223HorncastleFrankM06"""
0224HorncastleRankinM06"""
0225HorncastleSarahF03"""
0301HorncastleWilliamM01"""
0302HorncastleRachelF26""IrishWid
0303GrahamThomasM42IrelandCh EnglIrishFarmerMar
0304GrahamRebeccaF41NB""Mar
0305GrahamAnneF16"""
0306GrahamEllenF14"""
0307GrahamWilliamM11"""
0308GrahamLauraF09"""
0309GrahamJaneF07"""
0310GrahamMaggieF06"""
0311GrahamCora M.F04"""
0312GrahamBertha A.F01"""
0313HowieJamesM77ScotlandPresbScottishFarmerMar
0314HowieMargaretF65England"IrishMar
0315HainingAlexanderM46NB"ScottishFarmerWid
0316HainingMarionF16"""
0317HainingDelia G.F13"""
0318HainingVictoria E.F11"""
0319HainingDavidM50"""FarmerMar
0320HainingJaneF58IrelandMethIrishMar
0321HainingJames Sr.M83ScotlandPresbScottishFarmerWid
0322LipsettJames W.M21NBMethIrish
0323ChartersMary E.F21"PresbScottish
0324LipsettThomasM55IrelandMethIrishFarmerMar
0325LipsettGraceF54NBPresbScottishMar
0401LipsettGilbertM21"MethIrish
0402LipsettElisabethF20"""
0403LipsettIsabelF12"""
0404LipsettDavid H.M10"""
0405NasonSamuel K.M66"FW BaptGermanFarmerMar
0406NasonJaneF69"""Mar
0407NasonWilliam K.M40"""FarmerMar
0408NasonMary A.F23"Baptist"Mar
0409NasonWilliam E.M01"""
0410MorganHenry1M41"""FarmerMar
0411MorganSarahF37"""Mar
0412MorganWilliamM16"""
0413MorganSarah E.F14"""
0414MorganFrances A.F13"""
0415MorganHarryM12"""
0416MorganAlfred E.M09"""
0417MorganJohn B.M07"""
0418MorganRobertM05"""
0419MorganGeorge W.M03"""
0420MorganMaggieF01"""
0421SmithNehemiahM62""IrishFarmerMar
0422SmithAnnF57""ScottishMar
0423SmithNehemiahM20""Irish
0424SmithAnne L.F19"""
0425SmithNinaF17"""
0501SmithNormanM07"""
0502HainingElisabethF12"PresbScottish
0503SmithAlfredM29"BaptistIrishFarmerMar
0504SmithFrances L.F28""GermanMar
0505SmithHerbert W.M06""Irish
0506SmithEdna M.F04"""
0507SmithRoy E.M02"""
0508MorganWinslowM32"FW BaptWelshFarmerMar
0509MorganSamanthaF27"BaptistIrishMar
0510SmithJamesM30"""FarmerMar
0511SmithElizaF31NBBaptistIrishMar
0512SmithThomas G.M08"""
0513PhillipsJudson W.M32""EnglishFarmerMar
0514PhillipsAnneF34""ScottishMar
0515RynaxChristopherM30United States"GermanFarmer
0516WebbFrederickM15NB""
0517PhillipsElizaF07""English
0518YerxaWellingtonM69NBFW Bapt"FarmerMar
0519YerxaMargaret A.F51""ScottishMar
0520McEwenMary P.F23""EnglishMar
0521GilmoreCharlesM21"""Farmer
0522GilmoreHannah E.F19"""
0523GilmoreJames P.M16"""
0524YerxaSarahF11"""
0525McEwenAndrewM01"""
0601RiceThomasM54"Ch EnglEnglishFarmerMar
0602RiceSarah A.F48Ireland"IrishMar
0603RiceMaryF22NB"English
0604RiceAlice M.F17"""
0605RiceWilliam G.M13"""
0606LindsayJames M.M57""ScottishFarmerMar
0607LindsayMary J.F55Ireland"IrishMar
0608LindsayTheodore C. D.M22United States"ScottishFarmer
0609GrahamChristopherM42Ireland"IrishFarmer
0610GrahamMargaretF58"""Wid
0611FletcherEdward Jr.M37NB""FarmerMar
0612FletcherRebecca J.F27""GermanMar
0613FletcherJohnM32""IrishFarmerMar
0614FletcherElisabethF29""GermanMar
0615FletcherEdward Sr.M64Ireland"IrishFarmerMar
0616FletcherMary A.F69"""Mar
0617FletcherLewis F.M05NB""
0618FletcherRebecca J.F04"""
0619FletcherEdward2M02m"""
0620FisherDavid M.M53""GermanFarmerMar
0621FisherCatherineF53IrelandCh EnglIrishMar
0622FisherJohnM22NB"GermanFarm Labourer
0623FisherMary M.F18"""
0624FisherMartha J.F16"""
0625FisherWilliamM14"""
0701FisherHughM09"""
0702FisherWalterM11"""
0703FisherAnneF07"""
0704McKnightWilliamM23""IrishFarmer
0705McKnightMercyF55"""Wid
0706McKnightSamuelM20"""Farmer
0707McKnightCharles M.M18"""
0708McKnightSelinaF16"""
0709McKnightMaudF12"""
0710SinclairDavidM38ScotlandPresbScottishFarmerMar
0711SinclairAnn M.F36"""Mar
0712SinclairDavid A.M12"""
0713SinclairWilliamM10"""
0714SinclairJamesM08NB""
0715SinclairAnneF06"""
0716SinclairJaneF03"""
0717HowardAlexanderM36""EnglishFarm Labourer
0718HinchlinWilliamM72IrelandCh EnglIrishFarmerMar
0719HinchlinElizaF65England"EnglishMar
0720McMurtrieAndrew3M36NBPresbScottishFarmerMar
0721McMurtrieRobertM38"Ch Engl"FarmerMar
0722McMurtrieRebeccaF26"PresbGermanMar
0723McMurtrieJaneF31"Ch Engl"Mar
0724McMurtrieJaney E.F05"PresbScottish
0725McMurtrieJohn H.M03"""
0801McMurtrieAndrew4M10m"""
0802McMurtrieMargaret E.F01"Ch Engl"
0803FisherAgnes5F55Ireland"IrishWid
0804O'LearyThomasM35NB""FarmerMar
0805O'LearyMargaretF35"""Mar
0806O'LearyAlice A.F04"""
0807O'LearyGeorge F.M11m"""
0808DanielsWilliamM35EnglandCh EnglEnglishFarmerMar
0809DanielsJaneF34India"IrishMar
0810DanielsMaryF12NB"English
0811DanielsAda M.F09Ireland""
0812DanielsWilliam A.M04NB""
0813HarrisJamesM62England""FarmerMar
0814HarrisAbigailF45NB"FrenchMar
0815HarrisJamesM13""English
0816HarrisMary J.F11"""
0817HarrisJohnM09"""
0818HarrisGeorgeM07"""
0819HarrisDouglasM05"""
0820HarrisAnneF02"""
0821JacksonHenryM52England""Farm Labourer
0822SegeeMaryF79NB""Wid
0823NasonAnnF39"FW BaptGermanMar
0824NasonAllan N.M10"""
0825NasonDuncanM09"""
0901NasonCharlesM07"""
0902PhillipsWilliamM47"BaptistEnglishLumbererMar
0903PhillipsSarahF46"""Mar
0904PhillipsFrances E.F21"""
0905PhillipsDavid S.M19"""Lumberer
0906PhillipsThomas O.M16"""
0907PhillipsJames M.M14"""
0908PhillipsGeorge H.M10"""
0909KerrAndrewM63IrelandFW BaptIrishFarmerWid
0910KerrWalterM26NB""Lumberer
0911KerrJohnM18"""Farmer
0912KerrMelissaF22"""
0913KerrWeymanM16"""
0914JonesThomasM64""WelshFarmerMar
0915JonesSarahF47""EnglishMar
0916JonesDunbarM26""Welsh
0917JonesIsabelF34"""
0918JonesMariaF21"""
0919MorganAbnerM35"""Farmer
0920MorganElisabethF60NBFW BaptEnglishWid
0921MorganFrances A.F13""Welsh
0922AdamsFrederickM50"Ch EnglEnglishFarmerMar
0923AdamsAmanda J.F41"BaptistGermanMar
0924AdamsElla M.F15""English
0925AdamsAlberta V.F09"""
1001NasonAbsalomM43"FW BaptIrishFarmerMar
1002NasonDorcasF36""GermanMar
1003NasonHarry B.M11""Irish
1004NasonEdgar E.M05"""
1005NasonAugustaF39"""
1006NasonAsor S.M17"""Farm Labourer
1007MowryThomasM49""WelshFarmerMar
1008MowryAnn J.F45"""Mar
1009MowryJohnM23"""Lumberer
1010MowryElisabethF21"""
1011MowryJamesM19"""Farm Labourer
1012MowryManserM16"""
1013MowryIsaiahM14"""
1014MowryFrancesF11"""
1015MowryBerthaF08"""
1016MowryElidaF04"""
1017MowryCharlesM01"""
1018NasonDunbarM33""IrishFarmerMar
1019NasonLettieF23""EnglishMar
1020NasonUriahM52""IrishFarmerMar
1021NasonMary A.F36"""Mar
1022NasonDavidM82"""FarmerWid
1023NasonLucyF12"""
1024NasonAshleyM09"""
1025ChartersJamesM33"PresbScottishFarmerMar
1101ChartersLaviniaM22"BaptistIrishMar
1102ChartersClara F.F02"PresbScottish
1103ChartersGeorge E.6M11m"""
1104MossThomasM55EnglandCh EnglEnglishFarmerMar
1105MossAgnesF57NBPresbScottishMar
1106MossWilliamM23NBCh EnglEnglishFarmer
1107MossJuliusM15"""
1108MossThomasM13"""
1109MossJaneF20"""
1110ChartersAdamM66ScotlandPresbScottishFarmerMar
1111ChartersElizaF53NBRCIrishMar
1112ChartersRobertM22"PresbScottishFarmer
1113ChartersHenryM20"""
1114ChartersMargaretF22"""
1115ThorntonLemuelM74"FW Bapt"FarmerMar
1116ThorntonMargaret A.F55""IrishMar
1117NasonThomas O.M40""GermanFarmerWid
1118NasonEmily J.F08"""
1119NasonCharlesM06"""
1120NasonAlfredM04"""
1121HainingWilliamM52"PresbScottishFarmerMar
1122HainingIsabelF42"""Mar
1123HainingMary C.F19"""
1124HainingSophia L.F17"""
1125HainingErminaF15"""
1201HainingMinnieF12"""
1202HainingIsobel R.F10"""
1203ChartersArchibaldM71Scotland""FarmerMar
1204ChartersMary A.F60England"EnglishMar
1205ChartersAgnesF30NB"Scottish
1206ChartersArchibaldM39"""Farmer
1207ChartersCharlesM27"""
1208BallEstherF25"""Mar
1209ChartersAnneF20"""
1210ChartersThomasM18"""Farmer
1211BallGeorgeM61EnglandMethEnglishFarmerMar
1212BallMaryF66"""Mar
1213BallEllenF31United StatesCh Engl"
1214ChartersJeremiahM32NB"ScottishLumbererMar
1215ChartersEmmaF28United States"EnglishMar
1216ChartersGeorge H.M06NB"Scottish
1217ChartersFanny E.F04"""
1218ChartersEllenF02NBCh EnglScottish
1219ChartersLouisa7F01m"""
1220GreerRobertM46"PresbIrishFarmerMar
1221GreerElisabethF35""ScottishMar
1222GreerJamesM16""IrishFarm Labourer
1223GreerArchibaldM15"""
1224GreerMary A.F13"""
1225GreerJohnM12"""
1301GreerCatherineF09"""
1302GreerRobertM08"""
1303GreerMargaretF05"""
1304GreerJohnM35"""FarmerMar
1305GreerCarolineF27"""Mar
1306GreerMary A.F36"""Wid
1307GreerWilliam J.M07"""
1308GreerJames A.F05"""
1309GreerCatharineF04"""
1310GreerMary A.F02"""
1311GreerSolomon F.M01"""
1312RiceDavidM46"Ch EnglEnglishFarmerMar
1313RiceMaryF40""IrishMar
1314RiceHermanM20""EnglishLumberer
1315RiceJosephM14"""
1316RiceAnne E.F11"""
1317RiceDavid H.M08"""
1318ChartersWilliamM44"PresbScottishFarmerMar
1319ChartersMargaretF32"FW BaptIrishMar
1320ChartersMary L.F08"PresbScottish
1321ChartersCharles A.M05"""
1322ChartersWilliam J.M03"""
1323ChartersLewis F.M01"""
1324McCormickAliceF18""Irish
1325BlackJohnM48NS"ScottishFarmerMar
1401BlackCatherineF50NB""Mar
1402BlackJohnM18"""
1403BlackWilliamM17"""
1404BlackDuncanM14"""
1405BlackEmmaF13"""
1406BlackDonaldM11NBPresbScottish
1407BlackAnneF08"""
1408BlackPeterM35"""Farmer
1409BlackMaryF29"""
1410MorganJohnM33"BaptistWelshFarmerMar
1411MorganPhebe A.F33"""Mar
1412MorganAdelaideF12"""
1413MorganDavidM11"""
1414MorganWesleyM06"""
1415MorganLilyF04"""
1416SheaMichaelM46IrelandRCIrishRR LabourerMar
1417SheaElisabethF42NB""Mar
1418SheaJohnM11"""
1419SheaJuliaF09"""
1420SheaWilliamF04"""
1421GoldingSamuelM24"FC BaptEnglishFarmerMar
1422GoldingHannah E.F23"""Mar
1423GoldingNormanM01"""
1424GoldingDanielM24"""FarmerMar
1425GoldingSusanF30"""
1501GoldingFrederickM21"""FarmerMar
1502GoldingEmilyF17"""Mar
1503BlackAlexanderM19"PresbScottish
1504Harrison?CharlesM41"RCIrishFarmerMar
1505HarrisonAnneF39"""Mar
1506HarrisonAnneF19"""
1507HarrisonPatrickM18"""
1508HarrisonWilliamM16"""
1509HarrisonJohn J.M12"""
1510HarrisonSarah J.F07"""
1511BurtisW. R. M.M56"Ch Engl"LawyerMar
1512GrayJoseph B.M40IrelandPresbScottishFarmer
1513GraySarahF65"""Wid
1514GrayJamesM38"""Farmer
1515GraySarahF34"""
1516GrayRobertM32IrelandPresbScottishLumberer
1517GrayOliverM30"""Lumberer
1518GrayMaryF28"""
1519MowryGeorgeM38NBBaptistWelshFarmer
1520MowryMary E.F73"""Wid
1521MowryMary E.F31"Ch Engl"
1522MowryDavid W.M10"""
1523MowryAnneF03"""
1524SinclairThomasM47Scotland"ScottishFarmerMar
1525SinclairMaryF32"""Mar
1601SinclairCharlotteF13"""
1602SinclairMargaretF10"""
1603SinclairThomas A.M08NB""
1604SinclairJohn M.M05"""
1605SinclairJames G.M03"""
1606SinclairWilliamM01"""
1607TuckerWilliamM36"FC BaptGermanCarpenterMar
1608TuckerOlive C.F45""IrishMar
1609TuckerElla M.F03"""
1610NasonLemuelM67"""FarmerMar
1611NasonLydiaF51"""Mar
1612NasonLeonardM18"""
1613NasonVictoria A.F16"""
1614NasonEzekiel M.M12"""
1615NasonSamuelM10"""
1616NasonLydia M.F07"""
1617SmithMelvinM43"""FarmerMar
1618SmithSusanF38"Baptist"Mar
1619SmithFrankM09"""
1620SmithWilliamM07"""
1621SmithJessy8F07m"""
1622JonesFrederickM37""WelshFarmerMar
1623JonesAmandaF26"""Mar
1624JonesAdaF08"""
1625JonesEmilyF06"""
1701JonesMaryF58"FC Bapt"Wid
1702CowieDavidM45NBPresbScottishFarmerMar
1703CowieAbigailF33"BaptistIrishMar
1704CowieMaryF14""Scottish
1705CowieAnneF12"""
1706CowieFrancesF10"""
1707CowieGeorgeM08"""
1708CowieMarthaF06"""
1709CowieEvaF03"""
1710CowieMinnieF01"""
1711PhillipsJohn9M69""IrishLabourerMar
1712PhillipsLydiaF70"""Mar
1713GrassRoderickM27"""Farm Labourer
1714LordSimeonM72EnglandCh EnglEnglishFarmerMar
1715LordSarahF72"""Mar
1716LordSarahF40"""
1717LordJohnM50"""FarmerMar
1718LordAnnaF49"""Mar
1719LordFrank E.M15"""
1720LordSarah J.F12"""
1721BuckleyHaneyM74NB""
1722LordThomas H.M29"""FarmerMar
1723LordMary E.F20"Baptist"Mar
1724LordAnna A.F02"Ch Engl"
1725LordGeorge F.10M03m"""
1801SmithIsraelM33"BaptistEnglishFarmerMar
1802SmithMary J.F39England""Mar
1803SmithMildredF10NB""
1804SmithMabelF06"""
1805SmithJessieF04"""
1806SmithEdwardM01"""
1807HamiltonWilliamM19United States""Labourer
1808HamiltonFrederickM17NB""Labourer
1809PhillipsAaronM48""IrishFarmerMar
1810PhillipsAnnF42"""Mar
1811PhillipsJeremiahM25"""
1812PhillipsPhebeF21"""
1813PhillipsWellingtonM17"""
1814DavisTheodoreM22"""Farm Labourer
1815DavisBerthinaF20NBBaptistIrish
1816DavisAnnF01"""
1817DavisMaryF01"""
1818FisherLewisM54"Ch EnglGermanFarmerMar
1819FisherElisabethF51Ireland"IrishMar
1820FisherAmeliaF17NB"German
1821FisherAliceF14"""
1822FisherEmilyF12"""
1823FisherFrances E.F10"""


Notes

  1. Editorís Note: The German ethnicity for the Morgan family is probably an error.
  2. Born January 1881.
  3. Editorís Note: The wives follow the two brothers. The children can be matched to the parents by the differing religious entries.
  4. Born in June 1880.
  5. Editorís Note: Agnes Fisher and Thomas O'Leary are listed as the heads of two families living in the same dwelling house.
  6. Born in May 1880.
  7. Born in February 1881.
  8. Born in September 1880.
  9. Editorís Note: John Phillips and David Cowie are listed as the heads of two families living in the same dwelling house.
  10. Born in January 1881.



Return to home page

Copyright © Robert C. Fisher 1998-2012